African sumac, which is evergreen, has a moderate leaf density, and so can be used as a shade tree year round. Red buds open into clusters of pinkish flowers in the spring. Tree Characteristics. The tallest sumac tree in the U.S. measured 61 feet in 2006, according to Yale University horticulturists. This durable, low-branching species, usually offered in nurseries as a single or multi-trunked specimen, forms an open crown of narrow, lance-shaped dark-green foliage that has a slightly-weeping, graceful appearance. A good choice for difficult sites, mass plantings, screening and highways plantings. At Moon Valley Nurseries, we grow the big trees that people want, including the African Sumac. Trees may be referred to as male or female. contains a range of at least 250 different plants, which vary in their height and form, as well as whether they are a tree or shrub, and whether they are deciduous or evergreen. Additional Common Names. Will colonize into small groupings of short, low branches trees. We planted an African Sumac tree three years ago that is showing a lot of new green leaves now. They tolerate a range of soil types, and usually are tolerant of dry soil. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. contains a range of at least 250 different plants, which vary in their height and form, as well as whether they are a tree or shrub, and whether they are deciduous or evergreen. Family: Anacardiaceae. The bark has a dark red color. Visit us today, and we will be glad to help you handpick the perfect specimens for the perfect spot in your yard! Growth Habit: African sumac is a moderately rapid grower to 30 to 40 feet in height with somewhat greater spread. Skip to the beginning of the images gallery, How to Avoid Creating Air Pockets When Planting, What to Know Before Planting a Tree or Plant, Provides vigorous green growth all year long, Easy to prune or shear into desired shape and form, Durable, thrives in intense desert heat, cold and able to withstand high wind. Low maintenance, it makes an excellent shade tree and can be used as a windbreak. Q. African Sumac Tree. Its fine textured foliage varies from pale green to deep olive-green and has a resinous smell when crushed. Sumac trees are very easy to grow and maintain. Fruit. These sumacs, all deciduous, also can be used for fall color. Fire-resistant for defensible space Moon Valley Nurseries has a great selection of African Sumac trees that are grown only from our best specimens. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Spreading cooling shade throughout desert, inland, and coastal regions, Rhus lancea is a South African native that has become extremely popular for use on medians, lawns, parking lots and parks. Males & Females. Height is 2 to 5 feet tall and 5 to 10 feet wide. Learn more about Moon Valley Nurseries trees and best practices for outstanding plant performance. They also differ significantly depending on growth rate. The tree is short-lived, has a rapid growth rate, and can be used as a filler plant or to attract birds. Its tiny leaves are cold and drought deciduous but, due to its blue-green color, it looks evergreen from a distance. The sumac is a considered a small tree or shrub, growing on average about 15 feet tall. The tree produces complicated branch patterns and must be pruned frequently. Most trees average 15 to 25 feet in height, with a similar width. Flowers Inconspicuous. Excellent tree for a small yard or on dry slopes or banks. Height: 20 - 30 feet. To control the spread of sumacs, many trees are pruned down to the ground. MONDAY-SATURDAY 7:30AM-5:30PM SUNDAY 9AM - 5PM. Elegant semi-weeping tree to 20 x 15 feet or more is an ideal choice for our climate. MONDAY-SATURDAY 7:30AM-5PM SUNDAY 9AM - 5PM. Copyright © 2020 Moon Valley Nurseries. per year (60 cm). All three of these have clusters of fuzzy red berries that grow tightly together, a very distinctive feature. Summer Inconspicuous. Most sumacs are not picky, and will tolerate a range of growing conditions. Characteristics: This slow growing tree reaches heights of 15 to 30 feet with an equal or greater spread. Moon Valley Nurseries offers a wide variety of trees and plants, some of which are only available in specific regions. She holds a master's degree in journalism. The Average Height of a Corona de Cristo Plant. Also an observation I've noticed is that the more water an African Sumac receives, the faster the growth. Often has a drooping habit Prone to Texas Root Rot. Longevity 50 to 150 years. The sumac group (Rhus spp.) Cal Poly Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: African Sumac, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhus Aromatica, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhus Coallinum. Specimens are stunning in a grassy area and begging to be explored by kids of all ages! The African sumac (Rhus lancea) is a quickly growing tree, winter hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10, which can add 24 inches per season to its height. Native to Texas. Winter hardy to USDA zones 3 through 8, it has a flat-topped crown and can grow to between 15 and 25 feet, and will sucker if not tended. Utility friendly tree. Rhus lancea is from South Africa and features evergreen leaves so that they can provide great greenery all year long. But this is not a perfect tree. Flowers in Summer. This can mean more pruning unfortunately. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina):. African sumac is a moderately rapid grower, however, its growth rate and mature size are directly related to water availability. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. A small, evergreen tree that grows slowly to 25' and exhibits an open, spreading habit. Sumacs generally work massed as borders, hedges or screens, though species with good autumn color and appealing shapes also work as specimen trees. This will allow wind to pass through without knocking your tree down. Small, evergreen tree with fine, blue-green leaves. What can we do to save the tree that is suffering the loss of healthy branches? Often produces a dense cluster of basal epicormic shoots when stressed (mostly by sunscald injury in Phoenix). Late winter ushers in African sumac's blooming period. An African Sumac tree is perfect for hot, dry, climates and for anyone that is looking for an attractive shade tree with a long lifespan. What Is the Difference Between Laurelwood & English Laurel? ... With that in mind, I would estimate that after three years in the ground your tree should receive about 10 to 15 gallons each time you water if planted from a 15 gallon container. Leaves Trifoliate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen. Female plants produce scarlet, hairy terminal fruits in summer and persistent into winter. Heat and drought tolerant. Looks a bit like a small weeping willow. Grows up to 20-30 ft. tall and wide (6-9 m). Some sumacs grow quite quickly, while others grow slowly. Native to Southeastern Canada and the Northeastern United States, and winter hardy to USDA zones 3 through 9, this sumac gains 12 inches or less per growing season. The foliage is green in summer and scarlet in fall. Tree Characteristics. Some sumacs grow quite quickly, while others grow slowly. Likes full sun and little to moderate water. Adds 24 in. While many sumacs are trees, some grow as shrubs, and some can be grown as either. They have Fragrant Sumac, Gro lo Dwarf Fragrant Sumac, Winged Sumac and Staghorn Sumac. The staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) is a loosely formed shrub or weedy tree of fast growth rate, which means it grows at least 24 inches in a season, sometimes more. 24 inches per season. Tree Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Habit/Form: Open Spreading Growth Rate: Rapid Texture: Medium; Cultural Conditions: Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day) Soil Texture: Shallow Rocky Soil pH: Acid (<6.0) Soil Drainage: Good Drainage Available Space To Plant: Less than 12 inches USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: African sumacs may require thinning in the canopy especially in a high wind area. African Sumac. Pruning may take place at any time of year. Flameleaf sumac naturally prefers moist, well-drained soil but can adapt to areas that are quite rocky. Branches droop but resist breakage. African Sumac Needs More Water As It Gets Larger Q. It is a trailing-rooting and colonizing ground cover. Their drought tolerant adaptability to most landscape design styles make them a great choice for a water wise landscape. Although this tree is not deciduous, it does lose a great amount of leaves each year-- more so in the hot summers. The African Sumac (Rhus lancea) tree provides excellent greenery and shade throughout the entire year. TEXAN SUMAC, PRAIRIE FLAMELEAF SUMAC, PRAIRIE SUMAC. Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. Moderate to slow-growing evergreen tree to 20-30’ tall x 20-35’ wide. Is the Cryptomeria Tree Fast or Slow Growing? It can grow to 25 feet tall with a 25 foot spread. Fragrant sumac is a shrub that grows to only 6 or 10 feet. The dark green summer foliage turns an excellent yellow to orange-red-purple combinations in fall. The companion Sumac tree about 50 yards away is healthy and thriving. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in contact with th… Trees begin to boast thousands of tiny green flowers, which attract surrounding bees. Leaves are palmately divided into 3 narrow leaflets, each 3-5 … Continue reading "African sumac" Buy big trees if you are looking for an instant landscape and instant gratification! ... Growth Rate. An African Sumac tree is perfect for hot, dry, climates and for anyone that is looking for an attractive shade tree with a long lifespan. Heat-loving and tolerant of may soils. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Blue palo verde tree is easily distinguished by its blue-green bark and brilliant yellow flower display. Flowers. They are easy to prune or shear and have minimal maintenance requirements too! All Rights Reserved. Common Tree Problems and How to Recognize Them Rick Gibson University of Arizona Cooperative Extension Pinal County Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Jeffrey C. Silvertooth, Flameleaf sumac (Rhus copallina), winter hardy to USDA zones 4 through 9 and is native to the Eastern United States, grows as a tree to 20 or 30 feet, and makes a good yard border on the edge of woods. It was an African sumac, and I pointed to that species in last Wednesday's column - on the scourge of palm trees - as an example of a good non-native tree to plant. They will grow in full sun to partial shade. Rounded or Spreading Shape. The sumac group (Rhus spp.) The cultivar 'Gro-low' is often used as a ground cover as it is lower-growing. Rhus lancea - African Sumac Medium growing evergreen tree to 15-25 feet tall and wide. The leaflets are egg-shaped and coarsely toothed. For instance, the easily shrubbing staghorn sumac makes a good hedge, as does fragrant sumac. We like to plant them as a useful screen, or tall hedge and their ability to withstand high wind make them ideal for use as a windbreak too. Fall Small Red or Yellow Drupe. African sumac trees grow well in arid climates. It is best in full sun, well … Three common species grown in the United States are staghorn sumac, fragrant sumac, and smooth sumac. These are durable Rhus lancea that thrive in intense desert heat, can tolerate cold, and are very drought tolerant with little to moderate water needs once established. Here is a link from LVRJ on African Sumacs: Smooth sumac is a native plant found throughout the eastern United States. Leaves, Stews and Fruit Fragrant sumac leaves are arranged as 3 leaflets. ; Soil pH: 5.5-7.0; Plant Size: 5 meters (16 feet) tall Duration: Perennial Shrub Leaf Shape: Odd Pinnate compound leaves with 9-31 leaflets; Leaf Phyllotaxis (Arrangement) on branch: Alternate; Leaf Size: Each leaflet is 6-11 cm (2 1/3 to 4 1/3 inches) long Its leaves are dark green, glossy, and divided into 3 willow-like leaflets 4-5" long. To reduce drought stress, provide supplemental water, and shade during the summer. Staghorn Sumac. To grow informal hedges or wild colonies from shrubbing sumacs, allow plants to sucker. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Its narrow […] An evergreen tree that grows slowly to 30’ tall and 35’ wide, it is available at Boething Treeland in standard and multi-trunk forms. Rounded Shape. Description. Also consider Rhus choriophylla. The Furst liquid technologies that... All trees and plants need Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash (Potassium) as the primary nutrients for healthy... What if we told you that our designers could help you increase your home's value by over 28% ? African Sumac offers superior drought tolerance so that it is a favorite shade tree for yards throughout the Southwest! The African sumac is a medium size evergreen tree growing with a low branching habit, 20-30 ft. tall, and a round canopy of equal or greater width. This tree can provide shade and privacy because it has leaves year-round. Growth Rate. Blue palo verde tree is naturally multi-trunked with a low hanging canopy. Plant them in a spot with full sun to partial shade exposure and enjoy its umbrella-shaped form and low canopy that offers a cool shady spot for relief from the blazing sun! Sarah Moore has been a writer, editor and blogger since 2006. How you use a sumac in the garden will depend largely on its growth habit. The canopy of this evergreen is very dense when young, thinning somewhat when more mature. Back to Tree Choices; Description. Plant and tree growth cycles are regulated by environmental signals. Information by George Hull MSN African sumac trees (Rhus lancea) are highly drought-tolerant and grow as shade trees in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. A small rounded, spreading shrub which forms a dense thicket of stems. Height: 12 - 20 feet. A Rhus lancea African Sumac can be trained to a single trunk or allowed to grow into a multi-trunk tree with a look that resembles an olive tree. The African sumac, for instance, usually is a tall tree that can grow to as high as 25 feet, usually living 50 to 100 years. Has Deciduous foliage. Has Evergreen foliage. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 5-8 (More information on hardiness zones). More information. Growth Rate It grows at about 12 to 18 inches per year. While bees are generally beneficial insects to yards, hundreds of bees attracted to one ornamental tree can not only become a problem but can be fatal if you have an allergy to bee stings. Width: 20 - 35 feet. African Sumac $48 75 $48.75 5 Gallon ( 2 - 3 ft. ) - $48.75 USD 7 Gallon ( 3 - 4 ft. ) - $68.75 USD 15 Gallon ( 4 - 5 ft. ) - $128.75 USD 20 Gallon ( 5 - 6 ft. ) - $198.75 USD 24" Tree Box ( 6 - 8 ft. ) - $298.75 USD Quantity Plant Sizing Guide Moon Valley Nurseries African Sumac details and information. Sugar sumac Rhus ovata A deep evergreen shrub with dense foliage and a rounded shape, growing up to 15 ft tall. Some, like the African sumac, are even highly tolerant of drought conditions. On the other hand, the fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is a medium-textured shrub with a slow growth rate. Its growth rate and eventual mature tree size is directly related to overall water availability. Width: 15 - 20 feet. Sometimes reaching 30 feet in height, the African sumac provides ample shade for plants that thrive at its base. A Rhus lancea African Sumac can be trained to a single trunk or allowed to grow into a multi-trunk tree with a look that resembles an olive tree. AFRICAN SUMAC, KAREE. Growth (leaves) is dying in some of the branches in our 8 year old African Sumac tree. Risk Free Money Back Guarantee. Spreading or Weeping with a Low Canopy. Rhus lancea. Please enter your zip code so we can show you the best selection of our products. In addition, the tiny green flowers that they come to visit has very little visibility to gardeners and may not even be noticed for all the bee trouble. Small yellow flowers bloom in late March or early April. We value engineer our trees, so you get the most bang for your buck.