Already a Member? The wood is hard, fine-grained, white, with a dark pith. Wash your berries well and put the Sierra gooseberries into a large pot. Habitat: Forests; Open forests. The taste was floral and perfumey. Fruit is deep purple, and edible, but prickly. Iâd happily eat it as a trail nibble, or if I were in trouble, but I will not be picking them again. “Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. The fact that people gladly do this labor attests to how much they enjoy the flavor of gooseberries. are an attractive source of food to many songbirds and upland gamebirds (see Bird Table). 1.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. This will leave you with clear juice. It is generally armed with simple reddish or black slender spines along the stem. In addition to numerous smaller thin, stiff spines scattered over the surface of the twigs there are often larger spines (up to about 1 cm) just below each node, often in sets of three per node. Many birds and mammals relish the fruits of gooseberry, despite the thorny stems. Well, they do exist, and they are well worth your effort to hunt them up. The maple-like leaves of gooseberries and their cousins the currants are very similar across all species. Despite the prickles, they are edible. Missouri Gooseberry (Ribes missouriense) is most similar in habitat and prickliness, but has more slender flowers with very long stamens, and lacks glandular hairs on leaf surfaces and stalks. Flowers April–June, single or in clusters of 2–4; the stalk bearing the flower clusters is ¼–1¼ inches long, lacking joints, hairs present, sometimes gland-tipped; petals 5, yellowish green; stamens 5, barely showing beyond the petals. These species have high wildlife value as well, with fruit eaten by a â¦ Many types of bees, flies, butterflies (notably the brown elfin), moths (notably hummingbird and clearwing moths), and wasps visit the flowers for nectar, pollen, or both. Despite the prickles, they are edible. Globally, there are about 150 species in genus Ribes, and they are often divided (in an oversimplified way) into “currants” (with jointed flower stalks) and “gooseberries” (with unjointed flower stalks). Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground. Berry bushes with thorns are designed to protect the berries. Even hummingbirds may be seen visiting gooseberry flowers for nectar. Numerous cultivated strains of currants and gooseberries have been developed by plant breeders. If your gooseberries don’t look like little Sputnik satellites, you can just eat them. Santa Lucia gooseberry has spiny purple fruits. Its spine-covered berries turn reddish purple when ripe. Leaves are simple, alternate or clustered, 1–2 inches long or wide, overall shape is round to broadly egg-shaped, the base cut back sharply to slightly rounded, the margin with 3 or 5 lobes, lobes with teeth rounded to pointed; both surfaces hairy; undersurface more densely hairy and paler green than above; the leaf stalk slender, ½–1 inch long, hairy. In groups of 1-3 hanging along the branch from the leaf axils. In any given recipe, green gooseberries may easily require twice as much sugar as the darker, ripe ones. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson, Grossulariaceae (currants and gooseberries). Prickly gooseberry occurs mostly in the eastern half of Missouri. The shrubs are an alternate host of the white pine blister rust, which was unintentionally brought in from Europe around 1900. That’s the remnant of the flower, and it is another hallmark of the Ribes clan, which includes both currants and gooseberries. A little mealy, no acid to speak of, but reasonably sweet. Flowers: Spring; Green/Brown; 5 parts (petals) Leaves: Alternate, Simple, Toothed; Alternate, simple. I mean look at them! Ribes viscosissium hallii, Sticky Currant. But botanists using molecular (DNA) evidence have determined that the woody plants that used to be in the saxifrage family deserve to be split away into other families. There is at least one record from Stone County, in southwestern Missouri, as well. Gooseberries and currants, now placed in their own family (the Grossulariaceae), used to be considered part of the saxifrage family (Saxifragaceae). Groundcherry (Physalis sp.) See also American Black Current, R. americanum. Bottom line is you need to cook these. In the case of prickly gooseberry (Ribes cynosbati), even the fruits are prickly (especially when unripe), calling to mind nasty medieval weaponry. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The ovary (the swollen base of the flower, which will become the fruit) is spiny. When you are in such a region, look for spiky shrubs: A hallmark of the gooseberry clan is that they almost always have thorns all over them, on the branches and even sometimes the berries themselves. The prickly gooseberry is the only one with prickles on the fruits. Similar species: Not counting cultivated gooseberries, Missouri has 4 species in genus Ribes (pronounced RYE-beez) that may be encountered in natural habitats. Find this Pin and more on Survival... Urban or Wildernessby Betty Baker. Prickly Gooseberry is one of 10 native species of Ribes found in Minnesota in addition to the cultivated Garden Red Currant Ribes rubrum. Gooseberry (/ Ë É¡ uË s b É r i / or / Ë É¡ uË z b É r i / (American and northern British) or / Ë É¡ Ê z b Ér i / (southern British)), is a common name for many species of Ribes (which also includes currants) and other species of plants.The berries of those in the genus Ribes (sometimes placed in the genus Grossularia) are edible and may be green, red, purple, yellow, white, or black. It is a low, straggly shrub with rigid, spreading or trailing branches. Known also as the Dogberry and Pasture Gooseberry. Memorize the shape of this leaf and you will start seeing it everywhere. Occurs mostly in the eastern half of the state. Eastern Prickly Gooseberry â¢ 2 to 5 feet tall. Like rhubarb, gooseberries can have an intensely tart flavor that, most people agree, requires plenty of sugar to balance. Dogberry; Wild Gooseberry; Eastern Prickly Gooseberry, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. Excellent for a hedge, boundary, or fruiting thicket. Henry David Thoreau called highbush cranberries "tree cranberries" and wrote that they were "equal to the common cranberry" when stewed with sugar. It is in flower from April to May. ... Gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa) Grape (Vitus sp.) Gooseberries set flowers and fruit in a line underneath the branches. As for the sediment, taste it. Fall color can be beautiful - yellow, orange, red, purple. Many species of gooseberries and currants have been the subject of an aggressive eradication campaign in parts of the country where white pine grows and is harvested for lumber. By Hank Shaw on July 29, 2013, Updated November 6, 2020 - 38 Comments. Despite the prickles on the berries, they are attractive to many birds, including Catbird, Robin, Brown Thrasher, and Cedar Waxwing. Thorny Vines. People brave its prickly stems to collect its tart, tasty fruits to make pies, jams, and jellies. The juice makes an excellent sorbet or syrup to use in cold drinks. When flowering or fruiting, Prickly Gooseberry is easily distinguished by the hairy ovary that becomes prickly fruit. The syrup lasts months in the fridge. Fruits July–September, reddish purple, globe-shaped, ¼–½ inch in diameter, armed with long stiff prickles; seeds 10–20, dark brown. COMMENT: Fruit - raw or cooked. Follow me on Instagram and on Facebook. Another way to cope with this task is to simmer the berries, then run them through a sieve or food mill to remove the seeds and stems.