Saturn's high rotation would prevent an impactor from reaching its core. Earth and Saturn are two planets that show a remarkable difference between them when it comes to their characteristics and nature. The data collected from the Cassini-Huygens mission in 2004 suggests that temperatures might rise to as much as 80 degrees Celsius (176 degrees Fahrenheit) in the lowest reaches of the atmosphere, where pressures are highest. Venus has by far the hottest surface of any planet in the Solar System, with an average temperature of 737 K (464 °C; 867 °F), even though Mercury is closer to the Sun. For example, the Voyager probes found a large hexagonal shaped storm larger than the whole of planet Earth, at the North Pole on Saturn. Let’s take a look at Saturn compared to Earth. On the other hand, the two planets have similar surface areas and similar gravitational accelerations at the surface. e) It is unknown why this is so. Saturn's atmosphere originated from the ... Jupiter's Great Red Spot is a low-pressure storm like a hurricane on Earth. Mars is about half the size of Earth by diameter and has a much thinner atmosphere, with an atmospheric volume less than 1% of Earth’s. 2. The atmosphere has evolved: evidence on the surface suggest that Mars was once much warmer and wetter. It has a greater proportion of helium to hydrogen compared to Saturn. 9000 kPa: Roberge, Aki. These super-fast winds, combined with heat rising from within the planet's interior, cause the yellow and gold bands visible in Saturn's atmosphere. Saturn is said to be at a distance of about 1, 433, 000, 000 km from the Sun. Some of these storms are enormous in size and last much longer than corresponding weather features on Earth. (4 to 5.5) 000 000? At sea level on Earth, we breathe in an atmosphere where each cubic centimeter contains 10,000,000,000,000,000,000 molecules; by comparison the lunar atmosphere has less than 1,000,000 molecules in the same volume. Now comparing the revolution, Saturn takes more time to go round the Sun. However, it is twice as far from Earth as Jupiter, and from Saturn the Sun appears about 10 times smaller than how we see it from Earth. It is directly proportional to the mass of air over that point. Cassini-Huygens probe that came to Saturn in 2004 witnessed the same storm still progressing. Saturn’s radius is about nine times that of Earth’s, and all that gas produces high pressure as you descend into the atmosphere. This period is known as a year on Earth. In addition, observations of the planet have revealed massive storms deeper in the atmosphere, disturbances that occasionally break through into the outer reaches, disturbing the tranquil, layered appearance of the planet. Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun whereas Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun. It is true that both Earth and Saturn belong to our solar system, but the earth is in the inner solar system, and the Saturn is in the outer solar system. And that excludes Saturn's diffuse outer E Ring! Any large impactor approaching Saturn would be broken up by tidal forces. This is the best possible way, not because Saturn’s temperature would boil the water away or compress it significantly with its gravity until it is no longer liquid. However, Saturn is not conducive to life because Saturn is a gas giant made of mostly hydrogen and helium. This is a major difference between the earth and Saturn. Saturn is the sixth planet is our solar system. NASA’s observations of the planet suggest that at its core, the pressure is more than 1,000 times that found on Earth, enough to force hydrogen first into its liquid state, and finally into a solid metal at the planet’s core. Further toward the planet's core, however, scientists believe the percentage of helium increases substantially, forming as much as 25 percent of the planet's total makeup. Titan is the largest moon of Saturn and the second-largest natural satellite in the Solar System.It is the only moon known to have a dense atmosphere, and the only known body in space, other than Earth, where clear evidence of stable bodies of surface liquid has been found.. Titan is one of six gravitationally rounded moons from Saturn, and the most distant from Saturn of those six. This shows that Saturn is very far away from the Sun as much as Earth is closer to Sun than Saturn. B) They are slightly faster than average winds on Earth. The clouds of Saturn are much less colorful than those of Jupiter. Earth’s diameter is 7, 926 miles. 7) How do typical wind speeds in Jupiter's atmosphere compare to typical wind speeds on Earth? NASA suggests that the pressure at the core of Saturn is more than 1000 times as the pressure on Earth. Comparison of Saturn and the Earth. "… the surface pressure on Venus is about 90 atm, compared with 1 atm for earth." C) They are slightly slower than average winds on Earth. Although Saturn's core is considerably denser than water, the average specific density of the planet is 0.69 g/cm 3 due to the atmosphere. b) False. Earth is the third planet in the solar system. This shows that Saturn does not possess the conditions wherein life is made possible. NASA suggest that the pressure at the core of Saturn is more than a 1000 times the pressure on Earth. Internal Pressures (in Earth Atmospheres) Ratio of Pressure to Earth's Internal Pressure Earth Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto 1 2.52 1.06.92 1.19 0.62 1 6.4 1.13.85 1.42.0038 3 600 000 (50 to 100) 000 000 (5 to 8) 000 000? Another difference between the atmospheres of Saturn and Earth is the atmospheric pressure. On average, an area on Earth receives 90 times the amount of sunlight than the same area would on Saturn. a) True b) False. The distance to Saturn from the sun keeps these gases, and the temperature of the planet, cold. Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, only behind Jupiter. "At the base of the atmosphere … the pressure is 90 atm." The rest is traces of other gases. 1.1 to 1.5? The atmosphere of Saturn is about 96% hydrogen and 4% of helium. Saturn is the second-largest planet in the Solar System. His primary fields of expertise include computers, astronomy, alternative energy sources and the environment. 3. Winds in Saturn's upper atmosphere can reach speeds of 1,800 kilometers (1,118 miles) per hour near its equator. Any living thing that evolved in Earth’s benign atmosphere would find Saturn’s volatile gaseous mix a lethal combination. Also, the atmospheric pressure on Saturn is very high. It is said the core pressure on Saturn is more than 1000 times the pressure found on Earth. The atmospheric composition is also significantly different: primarily carbon dioxide-based, while Earth’s is rich in nitrogen and oxygen. Saturn’s equatorial diameter is 120,536 km, which is about 9.5 times bigger than that of Earth. Mars has a much thinner atmospheric volume compared to Earth. (9 to 11) 000? Earth’s atmosphere consists of approximately 78 percent nitrogen and 21 percent oxygen, with other trace gases making up the difference. No impactors would survive the immense pressures at the depth of Saturn's core. Hydrogen exists as a gas, liquid, and solid within Jupiter. Surface pressure is the atmospheric pressure at a point of Earth's surface. [/caption] Saturn is the second largest planet in the Solar System (after Jupiter), but you really need a comparison. This adds to Saturn's overall yellow … Saturn is the second largest planet in our solar system, only second to Jupiter. (5.5 to 7) 000 000? One day on Saturn takes only 10.7 hours (the time it takes for Saturn to rotate or spin around once), and Saturn makes a complete orbit around the Sun (a year in Saturnian time) in about 29.4 Earth years (10,756 Earth … Revolution of the earth is the movement of the earth around the Sun. Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is the only moon in our solar system that has a thick atmosphere. If you were to venture into this atmosphere, you would find conditions unlike anything found on Earth. The surface that is seen through telescopes and in spacecraft images is actually a complex of cloud layers decorated by many small-scale features, such as red, brown, and white spots, bands, eddies, and vortices, that vary over a fairly short time. Jupiter’s equatorial field, at 4.3 gauss, is more than 20 times stronger than Saturn’s. As a matter of fact, both Saturn and Jupiter are gas giants made of mainly hydrogen and helium and not a favorable atmosphere for life, unlike Earth. Saturn - Saturn - The atmosphere: Viewed from Earth, Saturn has an overall hazy yellow-brown appearance. • Earth is said to be at a distance of about 149, 597, 891 kilometers from the sun whereas Saturn is said to be at a distance of about 1, 433, 000, 000 km from the Sun. Saturn’s atmosphere—where NASA’s Cassini spacecraft ended its 13 extraordinary years of exploration of the planet—has a few unusual features.Its winds are among the fastest in the solar system, reaching speeds of 1,118 miles (1,800 kilometers) per hour. It is said that the Earth takes 365 days to orbit the Sun. Here are some known atmospheric pressures for planetary bodies: Venus = 9300 Kp Earth = 101 Kp Mars = 0.7-0.9 Kp Jupiter = 20-200 Kp Saturn = 140 Kp Titan = 147 Kp Any insights are this topic would be appreciated. These also last longer than those on Earth. • While Earth has only one moon, Saturn has 62 moons. Saturn’s radius is about nine times that of Earth’s, and all that gas produces high pressure as you descend into the atmosphere. The Saturn’s temperature at the 1 bar reference level is equal to 140°K and the atmosphere pressure approximately equal to Jupiter’s atmospheric pressure. Another difference between the atmospheres of Saturn and Earth is the atmospheric pressure. Moreover, Titan has a dense atmosphere whereas Moon does not have an atmosphere. Saturn’s atmosphere, on the other hand, is approximately 96 percent hydrogen, with around 4 percent helium and other trace gases. This shows that Saturn is very far away from the Sun as much as Earth is closer to Sun than Saturn. Saturn is a gas giant, consisting of a small, presumably rocky core surrounded by dense layers of gases that make up the bulk of the planet. However, if you were to descend toward the dense core of the planet, the increasing atmospheric pressure would increase the temperature. For numerical reasons, atmospheric models such as general circulation models (GCMs) usually predict the nondimensional logarithm of surface pressure. And now, scientists have discovered a molecule 1 15 to 30 1.5 to 2.5? When the Cassini-Huygens probe arrived in 2004, it discovered the same storm was still in progress, suggesting an extremely long-lived weather phenomenon. The biggest difference between Earth and Saturn are the gases that make up their atmospheres. NASA’s observations of the planet suggest that at its core, the pressure is more than 1,000 times that found on Earth, enough to force hydrogen first into its liquid state, and finally into a solid … By comparison, the atmospheric pressure levels common on Earth exist only in the uppermost regions of Saturn’s atmosphere, where clouds of ammonia ice float in the frozen extremes. Saturn is one of the most distinctive planets in the solar system, easily identified by its vivid ring system and colorful atmosphere. As Saturn has a diameter of 74, 898 miles, Saturn is about 9.5 times bigger than the Earth.Though Saturn is so larger than Earth, Saturn takes around 30 years to orbit the Sun. Saturn’s weather system is also unlike anything found on Earth. Also, the atmospheric pressure on Saturn is very high. Saturn has a smaller magnetic field in comparison to Jupiter’s but still its magnetic field is many times greater than the earth’s magnetic field. An Overview of Saturn's Atmosphere The dramatic appearance of Saturn stems mainly from the spectacular rings. At Saturn’s one-bar “surface” level, the maximum polar field is 0.8 gauss (north) and 0.7 gauss (south), very similar to Earth’s polar surface field, while the equatorial field is 0.2 gauss, compared with 0.3 gauss at Earth’s surface. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Surface Pressure. But enhanced-colour images allow us to study the bands across which run parallel to the equator much like Jupiter's, indicating violent winds. The Planets After Formation. • Saturn is the sixth planet in our solar system while Earth is the third planet in the solar system. We have to pick a "surface." Earth is said to be at a distance of about 149, 597, 891 kilometers from the Sun. Saturn's atmosphere, although similar to Jupiter's, is much less interesting to look at from a distance. Unlike Earth, there is no dry land in Saturn as it is a gaseous planet. Saturnian Atmosphere Surface Pressure: >>1000 bars Temperature at 1 bar: 134 K (-139 C) Temperature at 0.1 bar: 84 K (-189 C) Density at 1 bar: 0.19 kg/m 3 Wind speeds Up to 400 m/s (<30 degrees latitude) Up to 150 m/s (>30 degrees latitude) Scale height: 59.5 km Mean molecular weight: 2.07 Atmospheric composition (by volume, uncertainty in parentheses) Major: Molecular hydrogen (H 2) - 96.3% (2.4%); … It is this rotation that causes day and night. The Voyager probes, passing Saturn in 1980 and 1981, photographed an enormous hexagon-shaped storm, larger than the entire planet Earth, at Saturn’s north pole. Saturn’s surface area is 83 times that of Earth. Saturn has the second-shortest day in the solar system. Milton Kazmeyer has worked in the insurance, financial and manufacturing fields and also served as a federal contractor. Saturn is the second largest planet in our solar system, only s… It's an infinitesimal amount of air when compared to Earth's atmosphere. This was in 1980-81 period. Orbit and Rotation. Another difference that can be seen is that Saturn is colder than Earth. Mars is about half the size of Earth in diameter. "The magnetic field freezes the flow," and the planet becomes rigid, says Yohai Kaspi, a planetary scientist at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, who worked with Iess. The rotation of the Earth is not as same as the revolution of the earth. At the “one bar” level, or the level of the atmosphere equivalent to the pressure on Earth, Saturn’s temperature is -139 degrees Celsius (-218 degrees Fahrenheit). Saturn >>1000: 2: Uranus >>1000: 3: Neptune >>1000: 4: Venus: 92: 5: Earth: 1.014: 6: Jupiter: 0.2 - 2: 7: Mars: 4 - 8.7 x 10-3: 8: Sun: 8.68 x 10-4: 9: Pluto: 3 x 10-6: 10: Mercury: 10 x 10-15: 11: Moon: 3 x 10-15: Source: NASA. • It is said that the Earth takes 365 days to orbit the Sun. After the entry heating and deceleration phase, the probe would deploy a drogue parachute and then the main parachute when it reached an atmospheric pressure of 0.1 bar. Images Courtesy: Earth and Saturn via Wikicommons (Publid Domain), Filed Under: Universe Tagged With: Earth, earth and saturn, gas giant, inner solar system, more about earth, more about saturn, outer solar system, ringed planet, Saturn, saturn and earth, terrestrial planet, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. The answer is that the mass of the atmosphere of Venus is very high compared to that of the Earth, by almost a factor of 100. D) They are much faster than hurricane winds on Earth. Like Jupiter, Saturn is made up mainly of hydrogen and helium gases. If Saturn and its rings were placed between Earth and Moon, they would barely fit. c) Implausible. Traces of water are present in the atmosphere, but predominantly as ice. 9000 kPa: Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Jupiter has 318 times Earth's mass, and Saturn is 95 times Earth's mass. Saturn’s distance from the sun greatly affects the planet’s temperature. d) Implausible. • A day on Earth is 24 hours. It is said to be very cool and dark in Saturn since its distance from the sun is farther than the earth. The surface below its upper atmosphere is filled with a “sea” of ammonia, water and hydrogen. Saturn - Saturn - The atmosphere: Viewed from Earth, Saturn has an overall hazy yellow-brown appearance. The atmospheric pressure at the planet's surface is about 92 times the sea level pressure of Earth, or roughly the pressure at 900 m (3,000 ft) underwater on Earth. He began his writing career in 2007 and now works full-time as a writer and transcriptionist. Saturn is much bigger than Earth. The surface that is seen through telescopes and in spacecraft images is actually a complex of cloud layers decorated by many small-scale features, such as red, brown, and white spots, bands, eddies, and vortices, that vary over a fairly short time. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. comparison between the Voyager infrared (IRIS), Galileo orbiter near-infrared (NIMS), and ISO/SWS 5-mm spectra of Jupiter (Roos-Serote et al., 1999) (SWS, Short Wavelength Spectrometer) revealed an anoma-Table 1 Composition of the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturna Mixing ratios relative to H2 Species Jupiter Saturn Major species H2 1.0 1.0 California: Academic Press, 1989. This is the time Earth takes to rotate on its axis. At Saturn’s one-bar “surface” level, the maximum polar field is 0.8 gauss (north) and 0.7 gauss (south), very similar to Earth’s polar surface field, while the equatorial field is 0.2 gauss, compared with 0.3 gauss at Earth’s surface. These are the differences between Earth and Saturn. Here on Earth, we have a solid surface at which to measure it, but planets like Saturn and Jupiter have no solid surface - they are gas giants. Difference Between Lunar Eclipse and New Moon, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Primary and Secondary Pollutants, Difference Between Partnership and Corporation, Difference Between Tonofibrils and Tonofilaments, Difference Between Isoelectronic and Isosteres, Difference Between Interstitial and Appositional Growth, Difference Between Methylacetylene and Acetylene, Difference Between Nicotinamide and Nicotinamide Riboside. Saturn has a smaller magnetic field in comparison to Jupiter’s but still its magnetic field is many times greater than the earth’s magnetic field. Rotation of the earth is spinning of the earth on its axis. Since Saturn, rotates faster than Earth on its axis, a day on Saturn is about 10 hours and 39 minutes. 1.5 to 2?.0025 to .0030? The rest is traces of other gases. However, Venus is hotter & slightly smaller than Earth, yet has a much thicker atmosphere. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center: Saturn Fact Sheet, European Space Agency: Saturn's Atmosphere, NASA: Cassini Images Bizarre Hexagon on Saturn, NASA: NASA Spacecraft Sees Huge Burp at Saturn After Large Storm, European Space Agency: Facts About Saturn, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center: Earth Fact Sheet.